Martial Arts Styles Comparison
Martial arts styles can be divided into three categories: grappling, strike-based, and mixed style. There are multiple martial arts styles in each category. Some of the more common martial arts styles are compared here.
Grappling Martial Arts Styles
Grappling martial arts styles are similar to wrestling – when the person tries to pin his opponent. Grappling martial arts involve maneuvers such as throwing, takedowns, submission holds and pinning.
1. Aikido is a Japanese martial arts style developed by Morihei Ueshiba. Aikido means “the Way of unifying with life energy” and emphasizes using the attacker’s strength and momentum against him in such a way to provide self defense without injuring the attacker. A variant of Aikido is called Yoshinkan Aikido which means “Aikido Cultivating the Spirit School.”
2. SAMBO stands for SAMooborona Bez Oruzhiya which is Russian for “self defense without weapons”. SAMBO was developed by the Soviet Red Army to improve soldiers’ hand to hand combat skills.
3. Judo is a combat sport developed in Japan by Jigoro Kano and means “gentle way.” Judo is an Olympic sport and practitioners of Judo are called judoka.
4. Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art developed in Brazil from the Japanese martial art of judo. Jiu-jitsu techniques involve grappling and ground fighting.
Strike-based Martial Arts
1. Shotokan Karate is a style of karate developed by Gichin Funakoshi in Okinawa, Japan. Shotokan karate kata is a series of karate maneuvers arranged in a fight against imaginary opponents.
2. Taekwondo is a Korean martial art which means “to strike or break with foot.” It is the national sport of South Korea and involves numerous taekwondo kicks.
Mixed Martial Arts Styles
1. Krav Maga is a hand to hand combat technique developed in Israel for civilian, police and military use.
2. Kalaripayattu is an Indian martial art form and is one of the oldest martial arts styles still in existence.
Practicing martial arts is a great way to increase your fitness and confidence levels. Choose your style of martial arts based on your interest in one of the three categories. You can purchase your martial arts supplies online or order them from your local martial arts schools.