Known as the most complex and difficult type of Aikido, Yoshinkan Aikido, comprises a multitude of training methods. Aikido was created by Morihei Ueshiba, who taught many different individuals throughout his lifetime. This specific type of aikido emerged during the 1930’s and has become a well known form of the martial arts style. Yoshinkan Aikido is often referred to as pre-war aikido when compared to other forms and styles. There are fifty basic techniques within Yoshinkan Aikido that must be practiced repetitively to perfect. A strong emphasis is placed on six techniques, however, within Yoshinkan aikido.
To instill the effectiveness of the techniques within this form of aikido, teachers and masters develop their students through extensive tournaments and training. This form places significance on the stances within the movements themselves, which is different from other forms of fighting styles. The classic stance is known as the kamae, which specifically highlights the positions that the feet and hips must be in, in order for the true stance to be achieved. The movement will not work properly if the feet and hips are not aligned properly. Students typically practice day in and day out the routines that comprise the fighting style. An aikido gi accompanies each training session in the studio. Students must wear their aikido uniform during any form of fighting and or training while they are learning the various techniques. Some students will wear the aikido hakama during training as it symbolizes tradition and gives a Samurai like appeal to the martial arts style. The hakama is a skirt-like piece of clothing that protects an individual’s legs and is similar to the chaps that a cowboy wears. There are seven folds in the hakama that represent the complex style. These seven folds are: yuki, representing courage; jin, which displays charity and humanity; gi, exhibiting justice and integrity; rei, unveiling etiquette and courtesy; makoto, which reiterates honesty and sincerity; chugi, which stands for devotion and meiyo, which gives prestige and honor to this form of martial arts.